Smile design is a science that aims to provide you with the ideal smile by applying dentistry and art together. The aim is to plan a smile by combining health and aesthetics. With the development of aesthetic and restorative materials in dentistry, many shape, color and position disorders can be easily treated.
SCALES CONSIDERED IN SMILE DESIGN
1. Horizontal Symmetry: If we draw an imaginary horizontal line between both pupils, this line should ideally be parallel to the horizontal line we draw between the sharp points of the canines.
2.Vertical Symmetry: Let's imagine an imaginary line running through the middle of our face. This line should pass between our eyes, nose and chin. Ideally, this line should pass between the middle incisors, which we call the midline, and the middle incisors should be mirror images of each other.
3. Laugh Line: Imagine an imaginary curve running through the cutting edges of the upper teeth. It is ideal if this has a smile curve compatible with the lower lip. This feature gives the smile a youthful appearance.
4. Smile Width: Ideally, all front teeth should be visible, up to the first molars, in a wide smile. But if there is a narrow smile, only six teeth are visible between the canines.
5. Gingival Line: If an imaginary curve is drawn through the top of the upper teeth, ideally only the triangular pink areas between the teeth should be visible.
6. Golden Ratio: If the lateral incisors are accepted as 1 unit according to the golden ratio, it is seen that the upper anterior incisor is 1.618 larger than the lateral incisor. The lateral incisor is 1,618 times more visible when smiling than the canine on the other side. Likewise, the canine should appear 1.618 percent larger than the adjacent premolar. The ratio of the upper front 6 incisors to the lower anterior incisors gives the same number. When each tooth is compared within itself, the same figure is reached. The same figure is reached when the length of the eye is proportional to the distance that occurs while smiling. Although these measurements can be made on computer and photograph; The healthiest is the form of records obtained by face-to-face examination and special measurement methods of the patient and physician. These measurements are evaluated by the dentist and dental technician, and by designing a personalized smile, the "new smile" is presented to the patient's approval by the dentist.
7. The ratio of the tooth to itself: Ideally, the width of a tooth is 80% of its length. In some people, this ratio approaches 1:1 with the wear of the teeth, and the worn teeth look like squares. This ratio allows us to measure how much teeth wear over time and to achieve the perfect smile in anterior tooth restorations.
8. Embrasures: These are triangular-like spaces at the ends of the incisors. Without the embrasures, the teeth would look like piano keys. Ideally, these curvatures are narrow on the central incisors and wider on the lateral incisors. The curves of women are more rounded than those of men.